It is difficult to talk about Istanbul in just a few simple words. This city with multi-millions people in Turkey is the emblem of centuries of history and great nations. Istanbul used to be called Constantinople, Constantinople, and Byzantium.
We will try to direct you at least to the main attractions of Istanbul.
You should be aware that in order to see the maximum amount of interesting places, you will need to be on the move for at least 10-12 hours. Get comfortable clothes and shoes and get started.
The church “St. Sofia ”, which was built in 532, became a mosque in 1453 when the Turks conquered the city. Since 1934 here is a museum. Now this museum receives millions of tourists. The Blue Mosque, one of the emblems of Istanbul or known as the Sultana Ahmed Mosque, was built in the 17th century by order of Sultan Ahmed I. It is called the Blue Mosque because of the thousands of blue and white porcelain tiles that adorn it. It has 6 minarets. The purpose of the construction of this mosque was to surpass in beauty and size “St. Sofia”. Its dome is over 40 meters.
Literally in front of the mosque is another landmark of the city – Hippodrome Square. Horse races were held here during the time of Constantine I, whence his name. Here you can see several interesting sites: the Egyptian Obelisk – the oldest historical monument in Istanbul, transferred from the Egyptian Temple of Apollo in 390; The 326-year-old serpent column, brought from a temple in Delphi, was made for the Greek victory over the Persians and the fountain of Wilhelm II in 1898, a gift from the German emperor, for the warm hospitality of Istanbul.
The Palace of the Sultans for 400 years – Topkapi, is now a museum where many valuables are stored. The palace has many buildings and 4 courtyards, which have been used by different levels in the hierarchy in different ways. Here the harem is extremely interesting to see. Some of its walls are glass, others with bars.
Take time for the Grand Bazaar. Here every tourist wants to buy something, but remember that you can not buy if you do not bargain. This is a tradition that traders strictly follow and will be offended if you ignore it. Here you can find all kinds of goods. The spice market or the so-called Egyptian market is also very exotic. There’s no way you can’t like something.
Here is the unique Iron Bulgarian Church “St. Stefan ”from the 19th century.
The Archaeological Museum of Istanbul is extremely rich, has many valuable works of art, the clothing of the sultans and all sorts of curious finds.
A boat trip on the Bosphorus is mandatory. So you can see the Dolmabahçe Palace, many hotels and houses of people from the high society of the city, as well as the Ataturk Bridge, which connects the two continents – Europe and Asia. It is the seventh largest bridge in the world.
Dolmabahçe Palace, also from the 19th century, was built by the order of Sultan Abdul Majid. It has an extremely rich and modern interior for its time, 285 rooms, gold decoration, crystal staircase, even central heating. Here is the largest chandelier with 750 bulbs.
We will not miss a very interesting fact about Istanbul. The city is full of cats, all breeds, very friendly and affectionate. According to legend, cats are almost sacred animals for Islam, you can go to hell if you do not treat them well.